Preparations For Starting
Engine Break-in and General Running
Stopping the Engine
Preparing Engine for Storage
Preparing Engine for Spring Service
Diesel Valve Timing
Adjusting Fuel Timing
Decompression Device Adjustment
Oil Filter Change
Sea Water Pump and Impeller Replacement
Model 15 Sea Water Circulation Diagram
Model 12, 18, 20, 25, 25XP, 30, 40 & 50 Water
Fresh Water Circulation Diagram
Periodic Service Chart for Engine
Marine Engine Warranty - Limited
Engine Specifications and Images
(by engine model)
|BLEEDING THE FUEL SYSTEM:
It will be necessary to bleed the fuel system to achieve a steady air free flow of fuel if any of the following have occured: Models M-12, M2-12, M3-20, and M4-30 have self bleeding fuel systems.
1. Running out of fuel.
2. If fuel shut off valve is left closed and engine runs out of fuel.
3. Replacing fuel filter.
4. Fuel injector nozzle or injector pump repair.
5. After repairing or replacing any fuel line.
6. Before putting engine back into service in the spring, if fuel system has been drained.
7. Replacement of electric or mechanical fuel pump.
8. Any time air is permitted to enter the fuel system.
Be sure to have some means available to catch or absorb any fuel escaping during the bleeding process so that it will not accumulate in the engine compartment or bilge.
1. Be sure there is a sufficient supply of fuel in the fuel tank.
2. Open the fuel shut-off valve at the tank.
3. Start the electric fuel pump by turning the ignition key to the "ON" position on models 18,
20, 25, 30, 50, all models after 1986.
4. Model 15 has a mechanical fuel pump. Therefore with decompression on, turn engine over with starter. Crank at 10 second intervals while doing steps #5 and 7.
5. Slowly loosen the air bleed plug on the fuel filter, letting air escape until an air free flow of fuel is evident. (1986 models see item 7).
6. At this time, tighten the air bleed plug on the filter.
7. Slowly loosen the air bleed plug on the injector pump, letting air escape until an air free flow of fuel is evident. Units with a self bleed return valve, open for a short period then start engine, as soon as engine runs smooth close valve. Model-12 has continuous fuel bleeding.
8. At this time, tighten the air bleed plug or knurled knob on the injector pump.
9. The fuel system should now be properly bled and ready for operation.
Refer to starting instructions before attempting to start the engine after bleeding the fuel system.
CAUTION: Excessive cranking with sea cock valve open can cause water accumulation in the muffler and possibly back up into the engine. Drain muffler as needed.
Fuel injectors should be removed and taken to a qualified diesel engine repair center to be tested for leakage and spray pattern, if poor engine performance such as loss of power, rough or uneven running, sudden notice of dark exhaust, or engine becomes hard to start.
1. Clean the area around the injectors before removing.
2. Loosen nuts holding fuel lines to injector pump and injector nozzle and remove fuel lines (Tool C).
3. Loosen nuts on return line adapters and remove adapters (Tool C.)
4. Loosen injectors (using Tool E) and remove injectors.
1. Check to be sure contact surfaces and area around injectors is clean.
2. Replace injectors in the same cylinder from which they were removed.
3. Torque required to properly seat the injectors will be between 43 and 58 ft./lbs.
4. Replace fuel return lines and secure nuts.
5. Replace all fuel lines and secure all nuts.
6. After all injectors, fuel lines and hoses have been replaced and are secured, the fuel system will have to be bled. (Refer to bleeding instructions in this manual. (P-27)
The fuel injection pump has been set at the factory and should need no adjustment. Any apparent problem with the pump should be referred to a qualified diesel mechanic or to a Universal Diesel dealer as advised.
NOTE: NO WARRANTY COVERAGE WILL BE GRANTED IF ANY OF THE FACTORY SET AND SEALED FUEL AND MAXIMUM
RPM. ADJUSTMENTS ARE ALTERED.